aTunes is a powerful, full-featured, cross-platform player and manager, with support for online radios, podcasts and CD ripping.
CDex can extract the data directly (digital) from an Audio CD, which is generally called a CD Ripper or a CDDA utility. The resulting audio file can be a plain WAV file (useful for making compilation audio CDs) or the ripped audio data can be compressed using an audio encoder such as MP3, FLAC, AAC, WMA or OGG. Many other encoders are supported.
GramoFile is a computer program, running under the Linux operating system (and some other UNIX-like OSses — and even DOS/Windows now!), with the main goal of putting the sound of for example gramophone records on CDs. It is able to record hours of CD quality music, split long sound files in separate tracks, and remove ticks and pops from recordings.
Elpetozede is a multi-platform, open source tool to split a wave file (.wav), which contains the complete audio recording of one side of a vinyl record or a cassette tape into single wave files, one for each track. It searches an Internet database (musicbrainz.org) for the album data, so, with a little luck, you won’t need to type all the track information by hand.
This plugin verifies your rips against CTDB database, and submits new CDs to it.
It can also serve as a metadata plugin, providing access to MusicBrainz, Discogs and FreeDB metadata via CTDB. CTDB replicates Musicbrainz database hourly, Discogs and FreeDB – monthly. In addition to direct discid search, it supports the same fuzzy search algorithm as Musicbrainz, and also uses it for Discogs and FreeDB data, increasing the chance that correct metadata will be found.
fre:ac is a free open source audio converter and CD ripper with support for various popular formats and encoders. It currently converts between mp3, MP4/M4A, WMA, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, AAC, WAV and Bonk formats.
With fre:ac you can easily rip your audio CDs to MP3 or WMA files for use with your hardware player, or convert files that do not play with other audio software. You can even convert whole music libraries retaining the folder and filename structure.
The integrated CD ripper supports the CDDB/freedb online CD database. It will automatically query song information and write it to ID3v2 or other title information tags.